International and intra-republican transportation of goods in Belarus

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  1. General requirements for activities
  2. License requirements
  3. What you need to work with clients
  4. Expeditionary activities

In this manual, we will talk about the following types of transportation:

1) international transportation of goods (there is a separate item on obtaining a license); 2) intra-republican transportation of goods.

1. General requirements for the implementation of activities

  1. Vehicle of the corresponding category

The vehicle does not have to be the property of the person. It can also be rented.

  1. Satisfactory financial condition of the organization or individual entrepreneur (not at the stage of liquidation, not at the stage of bankruptcy) and have property, the value of which is at least:
  • for international transportation of goods: 9000 euros - for one cargo vehicle and 5000 euros for each subsequent one (the requirement also applies to individual entrepreneurs)
  • for intra-republican transportation of goods: 500 euros - for one cargo vehicle and 250 euros for each subsequent one - for road carriers (requirement for individual entrepreneurs and legal entities);

  1. An employee appointed by order to be responsible for organizing and performing road transport with an appropriate qualification level. In the event that an individual entrepreneur will be engaged in urban or suburban transportation, he can also hire a person in the state, who will subsequently be appointed responsible for organizing and performing road transportation with an appropriate level of qualifications, or he himself will meet these requirements and undergo the necessary training (if necessary).

An employee responsible for organizing and performing road transport must have a higher or secondary specialized education, which includes the study of disciplines in transport activities in the field of road transport or undergo advanced training in an appropriate educational institution.

In the future, the person appointed in charge of the organization of road transport must improve his qualifications in this area at least once every five years.

  1. Drivers with appropriate qualifications

Intra-republican transportation of goods

International cargo transportation

drivers who have a driver's license for the right to drive a power-driven vehicle of categories "B", "C" and (or) a set of vehicles of categories "BE", "CE", as well as a medical certificate of health, confirming their fitness to drive power-driven vehicles.

International road transportation of goods can be performed on:

vehicles of categories "B" and "C", the permissible maximum weight of which does not exceed 7500 kg, drivers not younger than 18 years old, with a total length of service as a driver of vehicles of categories "B" and "C" for at least two years and holding a certificate about professional competence,

on convoys of vehicles of categories "BE", "CE" by drivers of at least 21 years of age with a total length of service as a driver of convoys of vehicles of categories "BE", "CE" for at least two years, having a certificate of professional competence issued in accordance with the established procedure ...

  1. Pre-trip control of the technical condition of vehicles

It can be carried out by a full-time employee (mechanic) or on the basis of a paid services agreement with the relevant organization. An individual entrepreneur can also carry out pre-trip control of the technical condition. These persons put a mark on the control measures in the waybill.

Only the driver of the direct vehicle cannot exercise such control.

* From February 23, in connection with the entry of Decree No. 7 of November 23, 2017, the waybill can be omitted. 

  1. Organization of pre-trip inspection of drivers 

The pre-trip examination of the driver is carried out by a medical worker who has been trained in pre-trip medical examination. This healthcare professional can be a staff member of the organization or a contractual employee of a healthcare organization.

In the absence of a full-time physician, it is necessary to conclude an agreement for the provision of paid services with the relevant health care institution.

* From February 23, in connection with the entry of Decree No. 7 of November 23, 2017, pre-trip examination can be carried out without the involvement of doctors

  1. Permits for travel through the territories of foreign states (for international traffic)

A permit to travel through the territory of a foreign state shall indicate the name of the road carrier, its legal address and telephone number, the state registration number of the bus, the route and the date of issue of this permit. This permission is certified by the signature and seal of the authority that issued it. Such permits used by Belarusian road carriers must be returned to the authority that issued them.

  1. Organization of the process of customs clearance of goods (filling in and submission of customs declarations)
    It is carried out by an organization-customs representative on the basis of an agreement.

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2. Licensing requirements for international road transport of goods

* For intra-republican transportation of goods, a license is not required.

In order to obtain a license, it is necessary to prepare and submit a package of documents to the Transport Inspectorate of the Ministry of Transport and Communications at the place of registration of a legal entity or individual entrepreneur.

15 days from the date of submission of documents to the Transport Inspectorate of the entire package of documents. If it is necessary to conduct an examination of the compliance of the possibilities to carry out the licensed type of activity, the period is extended no more than 10 working days. The license is valid for an unlimited period.

Package of documents:

1. Order on the appointment of a person responsible for the implementation of road transport

2. A copy of the diploma of the relevant higher education or a copy of the retraining certificate of the person appointed responsible for the implementation of road transport

3. List of vehicles on which this type of activity will be carried out

The list should reflect: category, car brand and its registration plate.

4. Application for a license

5. Payment order for payment of state duty with a blue seal of the bank (state duty is 10 basic units)

Legal entities and individual entrepreneurs located in the territory of medium, small urban settlements, rural areas are exempt from paying this state duty if they have been operating for less than 7 (seven) years.

6. Power of attorney, if the documents for obtaining a license will be submitted not by the head of the organization or an individual entrepreneur, but by another authorized person

All documents should be placed in a cardboard binder.

The transport inspectorate is not entitled to require additional documents from the applicant.

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3. What is needed to work with clients?

  1. License.
  2. Comply with general requirements.
  3. A waybill for each flight. 

* From February 23, in connection with the entry of Decree No. 7 of November 23, 2017, the waybill can be omitted. 

  1. The CMR waybill is needed for international transportations, the waybill (TN) - for domestic ones.
  2. Contract for the carriage of goods by road.
  3. Customs documents for goods (for international transport).

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4. Expeditionary activities

If the forwarder will carry out the carriage of goods on his own, it is necessary to familiarize himself with all the requirements for carriers of goods described above. The forwarder has the right to attract the appropriate carrier by concluding an agreement with him for the carriage of goods by road (this is possible if the freight forwarding agreement permits this action).

Non-residents of the Republic of Belarus carry out transport and forwarding activities on the territory of the Republic of Belarus (when importing goods), provided that they open a representative office in the republic.

Freight forwarding activities for the export of goods are carried out by residents of the Republic of Belarus, as well as non-residents of the Republic of Belarus, the founders (participants) of which are only Belarusian state legal entities, the Republic of Belarus or its administrative-territorial units.

Required documents

  1. Order-order (if the contract is concluded with an individual). Drawn up in triplicate.
  2. Assignment to the forwarder (can be one-time, can be within the framework of the contract)
  3. Client's power of attorney for the forwarder
  4. Forwarder's receipt (upon acceptance of the goods)
  5. Waybills for cargo (TN or TTN and CMR-waybill (for transportation abroad).
  6. Forwarding contract
  7. Information on the conditions of carriage (issued by the client for specific cargo).
  8. Voluntary cargo insurance contract (if it is provided for by the freight forwarding contract). The forwarder enters into a contract.

Note:

When providing freight forwarding services related to international carriage of goods, forms of forwarding documents (forwarding bill, forwarding bill of lading, forwarding agent's receipt and others) recommended by international organizations in the field of forwarding activities can be used.

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