Labor and social leave in Belarus

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  1. The employee submits an application
  2. Checking the possibility of granting leave
  3. Registration of an order for granting leave
  4. Holiday pay

Here is an instruction on the procedure for granting labor leave. On the site, in addition to reading this manual, you can quickly fill out and download all the documents on the topic in our program.

Step 1. The employee submits an application for a labor leave

We recommend using a sample application for labor leaveavailable in our program. Additionally there is application for unpaid leave.

Step 2. Checking the possibility of granting leave to the employee

The manager is obliged to affix his visa in the upper left corner of the application. If the manager agrees to grant leave, the inscription "Provide" and the signature of the manager are affixed. If the manager does not agree to grant leave, the inscription "Do not grant" is affixed with the justification of the reason for the refusal to grant leave and the signature of the manager.

As a general rule, labor leave is granted in accordance with the vacation schedule.

Early granting of leave at the initiative of the employer

Labor leave can be granted ahead of schedule, that is, until the time specified in work leave schedule or in an individual agreement with the employee. The employer's right to early unilateral granting of labor leave can only be exercised upon suspension of work. If the employer's activity continues, the employer's right to early granting of labor leave is absent. The suspension should be unexpected. It can only be caused by exceptional and unforeseen circumstances: an accident, natural disaster, lack of energy resources, raw materials and the like.

Note that early labor leave on the initiative of the employer can be provided only to all employees or their individual categories, but not individually to any employee.

Granting leave for the first working year

As a general rule, leave for the first working year is granted no earlier than 6 months after work with the employer. However, the employer has the right to provide part of the labor leave, but not less than 14 calendar days in proportion to the hours worked, if the employer has not yet worked 6 months.

Before the expiration of 6 months of work, the employer is obliged to provide labor leave at the request of the employee:

  • women before or after maternity leave;
  • persons under the age of 18;
  • employees hired by transfer;
  • part-time workers, if the labor leave at the main place of work falls on a period of up to 6 months of part-time work;
  • participants of the Great Patriotic War;
  • women with two or more children under the age of 14 or a disabled child under the age of 18;
  • employees receiving general secondary, vocational, secondary specialized, higher, postgraduate education, special education at the level of general secondary education in evening or part-time education;
  • in other cases stipulated by law, collective agreement, agreement or employment contract.

Granting leave for the second and subsequent working years

The employer has the right to provide the employee with labor leave, regardless of how much time the employee has worked from the day of the beginning of the working year, which gives the right to leave, in the second and subsequent working years.

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Step 3. Registration of the order for granting leave

In the case of granting labor leave, the employer is obliged to issue leave order and familiarize the employee with it against signature.

If the employee refuses to use the vacation within the period specified for him without legal grounds, the employer has the right to refuse the employee to postpone the vacation and not to pay monetary compensation for the unused vacation. In this case, the average earnings paid before the intended leave on vacation are counted towards the employee's wages.

Additionally there is also an order for granting unpaid leave.

Step 4. Payment of vacation pay

The employer is obliged to pay the average earnings during the labor leave no later than two days before the start of the vacation. Employees who are in an employment relationship with an employer on a contractual basis, the average earnings during their leave must be paid no later than one day before the start of the vacation.

In case of non-compliance with the terms of payment, the employee has the right:

  • take a vacation;
  • continue work (do not go on vacation), notifying the employer in writing about the reasons for their action. In this case, labor leave at the request of the employee is postponed to another time of the current working year, determined by agreement between the employee and the employer.

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